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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1989 Aug 30;163(1):520-6.

Amino acid sequence of pheromone-biosynthesis-activating neuropeptide (PBAN) of the silkworm, Bombyx mori.

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Department of Agricultural Chemistry, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Tokyo, Japan.


We have isolated two distinct pheromone-biosynthesis-activating neuropeptides (PBAN), named PBAN-I and -II, as fully oxidized forms of Met residues from adult heads of the silkworm, Bombyx mori. PBAN-I was identical with the PBAN which we had isolated before. The complete amino acid sequence of PBAN-I, a total of 33 amino acid residues, was determined as H-Leu-Ser-Glu-Asp-Met-Pro-Ala-Thr-Pro-Ala-Asp-Gln-Glu-Met-Tyr-Gln-Pro-As p-Pro- Glu-Glu-Met-Glu-Ser-Arg-Thr-Arg-Tyr-Phe-Ser-Pro-Arg-Leu-NH2. Synthetic PBAN-I after oxidation with H2O2 was chromatographically identical with the isolated PBAN-I. Examination of PBAN activity of synthetic analogues indicated that the carboxyl-terminal portion of PBAN-I was important for biological activity.

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