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Clin Exp Emerg Med. 2015 Dec 28;2(4):236-243. eCollection 2015 Dec.

Preventable trauma death rate in Daegu, South Korea.

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Department of Emergency Medicine, Kyungpook National University School of Medicine, Daegu, Korea.
Department of Emergency Medicine, Keimyung University Dongsan Medical Center, Keimyung University School of Medicine, Daegu, Korea.
Department of Emergency Medicine, Daegu Catholic University Medical Center, Daegu, Korea.
Department of Emergency Medicine, Daegu Fatima Hospital, Daegu, Korea.
Department of Emergency Medicine, Yeungnam University College of Medicine, Daegu, Korea.
Department of Health Policy and Management, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.



This study investigated the preventable death rate in Daegu, South Korea, and assessed affecting factors and preventable factors in order to improve the treatment of regional trauma patients.


All traumatic deaths between January 2012 and December 2012 in 5 hospitals in Daegu were analyzed by panel review, which were classified into preventable and non-preventable deaths. We determined the factors affecting trauma deaths and the preventable factors during trauma care.


There were overall 358 traumatic deaths during the study period. Two hundred thirty four patients were selected for the final analysis after excluding cases of death on arrival, delayed death, and unknown causes. The number of preventable death was 59 (25.2%), which was significantly associated with mode of arrival, presence of head injury, date, and time of injury. A multivariate analysis revealed that preventable death was more likely when patients were secondly transferred from another hospital, visited hospital during non-office hour, and did not have head injuries. The panel discovered 145 preventable factors, which showed that majority of factors occurred in emergency departments (49.0%), and were related with system process (76.6%).


The preventable trauma death rate in Daegu was high, and mostly process-related.


Death; Outcome and process assessment; Secondary prevention; Wounds and injuries

Conflict of interest statement

No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.

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