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J Caring Sci. 2016 Sep 1;5(3):223-229. eCollection 2016 Sep.

The Effects of an Orientation Program on Quality of Life of Patients with Thalassemia: a Quasi-Experimental Study.

Author information

1
Departemant of Nursing, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.
2
Departemant of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
3
Departemant of Biostatistics, Faculty of Medicine, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.

Abstract

Introduction: Medical advances have improved life expectancy and survival of patients with thalassemia. However, as getting older, patients with thalassemia experience different complications which impair their quality of life. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of a nurse-implemented orientation program on quality of life in patients with thalassemia. Methods: A convenience sample of 55 patients with thalassemia were recruited in this quasi-experimental study. Patients were randomly allocated to control or experimental groups. A demographic questionnaire, Thalassemia quality of life questionnaire, and 36-item short form health survey were used for data collection before and one month after the intervention. In the intervention group, 1.5-month orientation program including of the three steps of inauguration, implementation, and closure was implemented, while the control group received routine care. The Chi-square, independent t-test and paired-samples t-test were used for data analysis by using SPSS ver.13 software. Results: The intervention and control group did not differ significantly from each other regarding demographic characteristics. Moreover, no significant difference was observed between the two groups regarding the quality of life scores after the implementation of orientation program. Conclusion: Implementing a short-term orientation program was not effective in enhancing the quality of life in patients with thalassemia; hence, developing long-term multimodal strategies may result in better improvement.

KEYWORDS:

Orientation program; Quality of life; Thalassemia

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