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J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2016 Nov;152(5):1366-1375.e7. doi: 10.1016/j.jtcvs.2016.07.076. Epub 2016 Aug 30.

Decision analysis to define the optimal management of athletes with anomalous aortic origin of a coronary artery.

Author information

1
Coronary Anomalies Program, Texas Children's Hospital, Houston, Tex; Division of Congenital Heart Surgery/Michael E. DeBakey Department of Surgery, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Tex. Electronic address: cmmery@texaschildrens.org.
2
Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Texas Children's Hospital/Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Tex.
3
Coronary Anomalies Program, Texas Children's Hospital, Houston, Tex; Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Texas Children's Hospital/Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Tex.
4
Coronary Anomalies Program, Texas Children's Hospital, Houston, Tex; EB Singleton Department of Radiology, Texas Children's Hospital/Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Tex.
5
Coronary Anomalies Program, Texas Children's Hospital, Houston, Tex; Division of Congenital Heart Surgery/Michael E. DeBakey Department of Surgery, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Tex.
6
Department of Health Services Research, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Tex.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

The goal of this study was to use decision analysis to evaluate the impact of varying uncertainties on the outcomes of patients with anomalous aortic origin of a coronary artery.

METHODS:

Two separate decision analysis models were created: one for anomalous left coronary artery (ALCA) and one for anomalous right coronary artery (ARCA). Three strategies were compared: observation, exercise restriction, and surgery. Probabilities and health utilities were estimated on the basis of existing literature. Deterministic and probabilistic sensitivity analyses were performed.

RESULTS:

Surgery was the optimal management strategy for patients <30 years of age with ALCA. As age increased, observation became an equivalent strategy and eventually surpassed surgery as the treatment of choice. The advantage on life expectancy for surgery over observation ranged from 2.6 ± 1.7 years for a 10-year-old patient to -0.03 ± 0.1 for a 65-year old patient. In patients with ARCA, observation was the optimal strategy for most patients with a life expectancy advantage over surgery of 0.1 ± 0.1 years to 0.2 ± 0.4 years, depending on age. Surgery was the preferred strategy only for patients <25 years of age when the perceived risk of sudden cardiac death was high and the perioperative mortality was low. Exercise restriction was a suboptimal strategy for both ALCA and ARCA in all scenarios.

CONCLUSIONS:

The optimal management in anomalous aortic origin of a coronary artery depends on multiple factors, including individual patient characteristics. Decision analysis provides a tool to understand how these characteristics affect the outcomes with each management strategy and thus may aid in the decision making process for a particular patient.

KEYWORDS:

anomalous aortic origin of a coronary artery; coronary anomaly; coronary disease; decision analysis; exercise restriction; sudden cardiac death; surgery

PMID:
27751241
DOI:
10.1016/j.jtcvs.2016.07.076
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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