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Anesth Analg. 2016 Nov;123(5):1193-1200.

Perioperative Surgical Home in Pediatric Settings: Preliminary Results.

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From the *Division of Anesthesiology, Pain and Perioperative Medicine, Children's National Health System, Washington, DC; †George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences and Research Center for Genetic Medicine, Children's National Health System, Washington, DC; ‡Medical Princeton Internship in Civic Service, Children's National Health System (Princeton University), Washington, DC; Departments of §Anesthesiology and Perioperative Care, ∥Pediatrics, and ¶Psychiatry, University of California, Irvine, California; and #Division of Orthopedic Surgery and Sports Medicine, Children's National Health System, Washington, DC.



The Perioperative Surgical Home (PSH) is a patient-centered, team-based approach that aims to improve the value of perioperative care. We implemented a PSH for patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis who were undergoing posterior spinal fusion at Children's National Health System. We hypothesized that this PSH would improve patient surgical outcomes and reduce hospital length of stay (LOS).


A multidisciplinary group created evidence-based protocols for the preoperative, operative, postoperative, and postdischarge care of this patient population. After a 5-month design and training period, PSH for spinal fusion was implemented in March 2015, with reduction in LOS as the primary outcome measure. Anesthesia comanagement of patients additionally allowed a new pathway for patients to recover in the postanesthesia care unit and reduce intensive care unit utilization. Patients before and after the implementation of the PSH were compared on clinical and efficiency metrics.


The spinal fusion PSH achieved the primary outcome measure by a significant reduction in LOS. Care improvement was illustrated by achievement of the secondary outcome measure of reduced perioperative transfusion.


The PSH model presented a ready structure that proved successful at our institution for patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis who underwent posterior spinal fusion.

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