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Sports Med Open. 2015 Dec;1(1):11. Epub 2015 Jun 5.

The acute effect of exercise modality and nutrition manipulations on post-exercise resting energy expenditure and respiratory exchange ratio in women: a randomized trial.

Author information

1
Department of Exercise and Sport Science, University of North Carolina, 209 Fetzer Hall, CB #8700, Chapel Hill, NC, 27599-8700, USA.
2
Department of Exercise and Sport Science, University of North Carolina, 209 Fetzer Hall, CB #8700, Chapel Hill, NC, 27599-8700, USA. abbsmith@email.unc.edu.
3
Department of Nutrition - Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.
4
Departments of Medicine and Biostatistics, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of exercise modality and pre-exercise carbohydrate (CHO) or protein (PRO) ingestion on post-exercise resting energy expenditure (REE) and respiratory exchange ratio (RER) in women.

METHODS:

Twenty recreationally active women (mean ± SD; age 24.6 ± 3.9 years; height 164.4 ± 6.6 cm; weight 62.7 ± 6.6 kg) participated in this randomized, crossover, double-blind study. Each participant completed six exercise sessions, consisting of three exercise modalities: aerobic endurance exercise (AEE), high-intensity interval running (HIIT), and high-intensity resistance training (HIRT); and two acute nutritional interventions: CHO and PRO. Salivary samples were collected before each exercise session to determine estradiol-β-17 and before and after to quantify cortisol. Post-exercise REE and RER were analyzed via indirect calorimetry at the following: baseline, immediately post (IP), 30 minutes (30 min) post, and 60 minutes (60 min) post exercise. A mixed effects linear regression model, controlling for estradiol, was used to compare mean longitudinal changes in REE and RER.

RESULTS:

On average, HIIT produced a greater REE than AEE and HIRT (p < 0.001) post exercise. Effects of AEE and HIRT were not significantly different for post-exercise REE (p = 0.1331). On average, HIIT produced lower RER compared to either AEE or HIRT after 30 min (p < 0.001 and p = 0.0169, respectively) and compared to AEE after 60 min (p = 0.0020). On average, pre-exercise PRO ingestion increased post-exercise REE (p = 0.0076) and decreased post-exercise RER (p < 0.0001) compared to pre-exercise CHO ingestion.

CONCLUSION:

HIIT resulted in the largest increase in REE and largest reduction in RER.

PMID:
27747847
DOI:
10.1186/s40798-015-0010-3

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