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Med Clin North Am. 2016 Nov;100(6):1217-1235. doi: 10.1016/j.mcna.2016.06.005.

Nutrition in Children and Adolescents.

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Pediatric Gastroenterology, University of Tennessee Health Sciences Center, 49 North Dunlap Street, Memphis, TN 38105, USA.
Department of Pediatrics, Children's Hospital Colorado, University of Colorado School of Medicine, 13123 East 16th Avenue, B065, Aurora, CO 80045, USA. Electronic address:
Preventive Cardiology Clinic, Department of Cardiology, Children's Hospital Boston, Harvard University Medical School, 300 Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA.
Division of Adolescent Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Lucile Packard Children's Hospital Stanford, Stanford University School of Medicine, 770 Welch Road, Palo Alto, CA 94304, USA.
Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine Fellowship, Supporting Premature Infant Nutrition Program, Rady Children's Hospital of San Diego, University of California San Diego Health, 3020 Children's Way, San Diego, CA 92123, USA.
Division of Endocrinology and Diabetes, Center for Translational Science, Patient and Clinical Interactions (formerly CRC), CTSI, Children's National Health System, The George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences, 111 Michigan Ave NW, Washington, DC 20010, USA.
Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Masonic Children's Hospital, University of Minnesota, 2450 Riverside Avenue, Pediatric Ambulatory Services East Building, Minneapolis, MN 55454, USA.


Nutrition is a critical factor for appropriate child and adolescent development. Appropriate nutrition changes according to age. Nutrition is an important element for prevention of disease development, especially for chronic diseases. Many children and adolescents live in environments that do not promote optimum nutrition. Families must work to provide improved food environments to encourage optimum nutrition. Early primordial prevention of risk factors for chronic disease, such as cardiovascular disease, is important, and dietary habits established early may be carried through adult life.


Adolescents; Breastfeeding; Children; Diet; Formula; Infants; Nutrition

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