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Am J Vet Res. 1989 Jul;50(7):1037-43.

Differences in virulence between two strains of Streptococcus suis type II after experimentally induced infection of newborn germ-free pigs.

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Department of Bacteriology, Central Veterinary Institute, Lelystad, The Netherlands.


Fifteen newborn germ-free pigs were inoculated with 2 strains, D-282 and T-15, of Streptococcus suis type II. Some pigs also were preinoculated with Bordetella bronchiseptica, which successfully predisposed them to S suis infection. The 2 streptococcal strains were differentiated by muramidase treatment, which released certain high molecular-weight proteins, termed muramidase-released proteins (MRP), from the cell wall of strain D-282, but not from the cell wall of strain T-15. Only strain D-282 (MRP-positive) induced clinical signs of disease and markedly increased neutrophil numbers in pigs. Streptococci were more frequently isolated from fecal swab specimens obtained from pigs inoculated with strain D-282 (MRP-positive) than from specimens obtained from pigs inoculated with strain T-15 (MRP-negative). Both strains were isolated from nasal swab specimens obtained from all infected pigs. Postmortem examination revealed fibrinopurulent meningitis, polyserositis, and polyarthritis in pigs inoculated with strain D-282; this strain was isolated from the CNS, serosae, visceral organs, heart, and joints. Whereas strains D-282 caused several pathologic changes, strain T-15, isolated from the lungs, caused only pneumonia. Both strains were isolated from the tonsils of all pigs. Virulence differed distinctly between the MRP-positive and the MRP-negative strains.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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