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Clin Liver Dis. 2016 Nov;20(4):667-679. doi: 10.1016/j.cld.2016.06.003.

Liver Fibrosis Reversion After Suppression of Hepatitis B Virus.

Author information

1
Department of Internal Medicine, The Medical University of South Carolina, 96 Jonathan Lucas Street, 803 CSB, Charleston, SC 29425, USA. Electronic address: rockey@musc.edu.

Abstract

Great strides have been made in hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related fibrosis and cirrhosis. Available evidence indicates that HBV viral suppression causes regression of advanced fibrosis and even cirrhosis, and therefore should be attempted in all patients with advanced fibrosis and cirrhosis. The preferred agents in patients with cirrhosis are entecavir and tenofovir, primarily because the risk of breakthrough is low. HBV viral suppression leads to improved clinical outcomes even in patients with cirrhosis and complications. The risk of hepatocellular carcinoma is reduced, but not eliminated. Thus, patients with HBV cirrhosis should continue to have routine screening for hepatocellular carcinoma, even after viral suppression.

KEYWORDS:

Cirrhosis; HIV; Hepatocellular carcinoma; Portal hypertension; Regression; Stellate cell; Viral suppression

PMID:
27742006
PMCID:
PMC6438202
DOI:
10.1016/j.cld.2016.06.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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