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Chemistry. 2016 Nov 14;22(47):16979-16985. doi: 10.1002/chem.201603045. Epub 2016 Oct 13.

Metal-Free Reaction of ortho-Carbonylated Alkynyl-Substituted Arylaldehydes with Common Amines: Selective Access to Functionalized Isoindolinone and Indenamine Derivatives.

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School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Qufu Normal University, Shandong Key Laboratory of Life-Organic Analysis, Key Laboratory of Pharmaceutical Intermediates and Analysis of Natural Medicine, Qufu, 273165, Shandong, P. R. China.


Herein we describe a reaction of ortho-carbonylated alkynyl-substituted arylaldehydes with common primary amines that can provide functionalized isoindolinone and 3-hydroxylindenamine products in high yields. Depending on the substituent size of primary amines, two distinct reaction pathways were exploited selectively, that are, an initial aza-conjugate addition followed by hydrogen transfer to access isoindolinone framework and a unique oxa-conjugate addition followed by Petasis-Ferrier rearrangement to afford indenamine derivatives. In the presence of Et3 N, the reaction property of small primary amines was changed, proceeding to afford 3-hydroxylindenamine derivatives efficiently. These products contain interesting substructures that exist in many natural products and bioactive molecules. The reaction features contain the use of transition-metal-free catalysts, simple operation, broad substrate scope, and product diversity.


amines; heterocycles; indenamine; isoindolinone; ynones


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