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Hepatobiliary Pancreat Dis Int. 2016 Oct;15(5):519-524.

Oleanolic acid attenuates liver ischemia reperfusion injury by HO-1/Sesn2 signaling pathway.

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Department of Liver Surgery, First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University; Key Laboratory of Living Donor Liver Transplantation of Ministry of Public Health, Nanjing 210029, China.



Ischemia reperfusion injury (IRI) is unavoidable in liver transplantation and hepatectomy. The present study aimed to explore the possible mechanism and the effect of oleanolic acid (OA) in hepatic IRI.


Mice were randomly divided into 6 groups based on different treatment. IRI model: The hepatic artery, portal vein, and bile duct to the left and median liver lobes (70% of the liver) were occluded with an atraumatic bulldog clamp for 90 minutes and then the clamp was removed for reperfusion. The mice were sacrificed 6 hours after reperfusion, and blood and liver tissues were collected. Liver injury was evaluated by biochemical and histopathologic examinations. The expressions of Sesn2, PI3K, Akt and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) were measured with quantitative real-time RT-PCR and Western blotting.


The serum aminotransferases level and scores of hepatic histology were increased after reperfusion. The increase was attenuated by pretreatment with OA (P<0.01). Compared with the IR group, OA pretreatment significantly up-regulated the expression of Sesn2, PI3K, Akt and HO-1 in IR livers (P<0.05). Administration of zinc protoporphyrin (ZnPP), an inhibitor of HO-1, diminished the OA effect on HO-1 and Sesn2 expressions (P<0.05) and the protective effect of OA on IRI.


Our results demonstrate that OA can attenuate hepatic IRI. The protective mechanism may be related to the OA-induced HO-1/Sesn2 signaling pathway.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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