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ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2016 Nov 2;8(43):29280-29288. Epub 2016 Oct 19.

Preparation of an Arg-Glu-Asp-Val Peptide Density Gradient on Hyaluronic Acid-Coated Poly(ε-caprolactone) Film and Its Influence on the Selective Adhesion and Directional Migration of Endothelial Cells.

Author information

1
MOE Key Laboratory of Macromolecular Synthesis and Functionalization, Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, Zhejiang University , Hangzhou 310027, China.

Abstract

Selective adhesion and migration of endothelial cells (ECs) over smooth muscle cells (SMCs) is very important in the rapid endothelialization of blood-contacting implants to prevent vascular restenosis. In this study, a uniform cell-resistant layer of methacrylate-functionalized hyaluronic acid (HA) was first immobilized on a poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) film via polydopamine coupling. Then, a density gradient of thiol-functionalized Arg-Glu-Asp-Val (REDV) peptide was prepared on the HA layer via thiol-ene click chemistry and the continuous injection method. The REDV gradient selectively enhanced EC adhesion and preferential directional migration toward the region of higher REDV density, reaching 86% directionality in the middle of the gradient. The migration rate of ECs was also significantly enhanced twofold compared with that on tissue culture polystyrene (TCPS). In contrast, the gradient significantly weakened the adhesion of SMCs to 25% of that on TCPS but had no obvious impact on the migration rate and directionality. Successful modulation of the selective adhesion and directional migration of ECs over SMCs on biodegradable polymers serves as an important step toward practical applications for guided tissue regeneration.

KEYWORDS:

PCL film; REDV peptide; endothelial cells; gradient materials; selective cell migration; smooth muscle cells

PMID:
27723284
DOI:
10.1021/acsami.6b09375
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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