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Urology. 2017 Feb;100:103-110. doi: 10.1016/j.urology.2016.08.051. Epub 2016 Oct 6.

"Zero-Ischemia" Laparoscopic-assisted Partial Nephrectomy for the Management of Selected Children With Wilms Tumor Following Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy.

Author information

1
Department of Surgery, Division of Urology, The Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
2
Department of Pediatrics, Division of Hematology/Oncology, The Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
3
Department of Surgery, Division of Urology, The Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address: armando.lorenzo@sickkids.ca.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To describe the experience and technique of zero-ischemia laparoscopic-assisted partial nephrectomy at The Hospital for Sick Children, as an alternative to the traditional open approach for nephron-sparing surgery (NSS) in selected children with Wilms tumor (WT).

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Patients with diagnosis of WT treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy and who underwent laparoscopic-assisted NSS at the Hospital for Sick Children from 2012 to 2016 were identified and their charts were reviewed retrospectively. Patients underwent laparoscopic exploration, lymph node sampling, kidney mobilization, vascular control, and adrenal sparing. This was followed by open NSS through a small flank incision; no clamping of the hilum or major renal branches was performed.

RESULTS:

Six patients were identified; all patients underwent successful resection. One patient required radical nephrectomy due to inability to safely define negative margins. Tumors ranged in size from 0.9 to 5.6 cm in diameter. Mean operating time was 293 ± 50.2 minutes, with an average duration of pneumoperitoneum of 216 ± 27 minutes. Intraoperative blood loss was negligible. No tumor spillages occurred. Postoperative pathology revealed negative margins in all resected specimens. One case of urine leak occurred postoperatively, which resolved spontaneously. Renal function was preserved in all children. At a mean follow up of 11.5 months, all patients have been recurrence free.

CONCLUSION:

The herein presented strategy allows for safe nephron-sparing resection of selected WT with acceptable morbidity, good short-term disease-free survival, and potentially better cosmesis and recovery than traditional open surgery. This preliminary experience suggests that minimally invasive options for NSS in children merit further evaluation.

PMID:
27720972
DOI:
10.1016/j.urology.2016.08.051
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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