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Mol Cell. 2016 Oct 6;64(1):12-23. doi: 10.1016/j.molcel.2016.09.006.

Building a Regulatory Network with Short Linear Sequence Motifs: Lessons from the Degrons of the Anaphase-Promoting Complex.

Author information

  • 1Conway Institute of Biomolecular and Biomedical Sciences, University College Dublin, Dublin 4, Ireland. Electronic address: norman.davey@ucd.ie.
  • 2Departments of Physiology and Biochemistry & Biophysics, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA. Electronic address: david.morgan@ucsf.edu.

Abstract

The anaphase-promoting complex or cyclosome (APC/C) is a ubiquitin ligase that polyubiquitinates specific substrates at precise times in the cell cycle, thereby triggering the events of late mitosis in a strict order. The robust substrate specificity of the APC/C prevents the potentially deleterious degradation of non-APC/C substrates and also averts the cell-cycle errors and genomic instability that could result from mistimed degradation of APC/C targets. The APC/C recognizes short linear sequence motifs, or degrons, on its substrates. The specific and timely modification and degradation of APC/C substrates is likely to be modulated by variations in degron sequence and context. We discuss the extensive affinity, specificity, and selectivity determinants encoded in APC/C degrons, and we describe some of the extrinsic mechanisms that control APC/C-substrate recognition. As an archetype for protein motif-driven regulation of cell function, the APC/C-substrate interaction provides insights into the general properties of post-translational regulatory systems.

PMID:
27716480
PMCID:
PMC5098475
[Available on 2017-10-06]
DOI:
10.1016/j.molcel.2016.09.006
[PubMed - in process]
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