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BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2016 Oct 6;17(1):416.

Effect of chondroitin sulfate on soluble biomarkers of osteoarthritis: a method to analyze and interpret the results from an open-label trial in unilateral knee osteoarthritis patients.

Author information

1
Poal Institute of Rheumatology, Barcelona, Spain.
2
Artialis SA, GIGA Tower, CHU Sart-Tilman, 4000, Liège, Belgium.
3
Clinical R&D Area, Bioiberica S.A., Barcelona, Spain.
4
Bone and Cartilage Research Unit, Arthropôle Liège, Institute of Pathology, University of Liège, level +5, CHU Sart-Tilman, 4000, Liège, Belgium. yhenrotin@ulg.ac.be.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of chondroitin sulfate (CS) on the serum levels of Coll2-1 in patients with knee OA.

METHODS:

Seventy two patients with unilateral symptomatic knee OA were involved in a post-authorization open-label study evaluating CS (800 mg/day). The primary outcome was the % relative change in serum Coll2-1 (sColl2-1). The secondary outcomes were the evaluation of pain (VAS) and function (Lequesne's Index). Responders and non-responders were classified according to OMERACT-OARSI recommendations. Finally, an original cut-off method was applied to categorize patients and interpret individual variations in serum levels of Coll2-1.

RESULTS:

Patients showed no difference in the sColl2-1 levels at baseline. When considering responders and non-responders from the ITT population, a significant difference was found for Coll2-1 at 3 months (p = 0.030) and 6 months (p = 0.038). A decrease in pain (VAS) and an improvement in function (LI) were recorded throughout the visits (p < 0.01). Considering an intra-batch cut-off of 21 %, CS decreased Coll2-1 serum levels between baseline and 1-month visit compared to the value of Coll2-1 before treatment (screening visit) which can be interpreted as a drastic reduction of the proportion of patients with an increase of Coll2-1 over 21 % (reduction from 13 to 3 %). It also consisted in a more important proportion of patients with a decrease in Coll2-1 (from 5 to 10 %).

CONCLUSION:

This study proposes a new approach for the analysis and the interpretation of the individual variation in biomarker levels and introduces the notion of metabolic responders.

TRIAL REGISTRATION:

ID ISRCTN63795830 . The trial was retrospectively registered on 2 October, 2015.

KEYWORDS:

Biomarkers; Cartilage metabolism; Chondroitin sulfate; Osteoarthritis; Pain

PMID:
27716158
PMCID:
PMC5053075
DOI:
10.1186/s12891-016-1268-4
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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