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Phys Rev Lett. 2016 Sep 23;117(13):138001. Epub 2016 Sep 21.

Stress Singularities in Swelling Soft Solids.

Author information

  • 1Mathematical Institute, University of Oxford, Oxford OX2 6GG, United Kingdom.
  • 2Living Matter Laboratory, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305, USA.

Abstract

When a swelling soft solid is rigidly constrained on all sides except for a circular opening, it will bulge out to expand as observed during decompressive craniectomy, a surgical procedure used to reduce stresses in swollen brains. While the elastic energy of the solid decreases throughout this process, large stresses develop close to the opening. At the point of contact, the stresses exhibit a singularity similar to the ones found in the classic punch indentation problem. Here, we study the stresses generated by swelling and the evolution of the bulging shape associated with this process. We also consider the possibility of damage triggered by zones of either high shear stresses or high fiber stretches.

PMID:
27715096
DOI:
10.1103/PhysRevLett.117.138001
[PubMed - in process]
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