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Arthrosc Tech. 2016 Aug 15;5(4):e907-e912. eCollection 2016 Aug.

Arthroscopic Iliac Crest Bone Grafting to the Anterior Glenoid.

Author information

1
Carolina Sports Medicine and Orthopaedic Specialists, Wilmington, North Carolina, U.S.A.
2
Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada.
3
Southern California Orthopaedic Institute, Van Nuys, California, U.S.A.

Abstract

Failed arthroscopic soft-tissue stabilization and anterior glenoid bone loss have been shown to have high failure rates after standard arthroscopic stabilization techniques. For patients with recurrent glenohumeral instability, the Bristow-Latarjet procedure is currently the standard of care. It is predominantly performed through an open deltopectoral approach but has recently been described arthroscopically. Although providing excellent clinical outcomes, the Bristow-Latarjet procedure violates the subscapularis muscle, has a steep learning curve with a high complication rate, and permanently changes the anterior shoulder anatomy, making any future revision surgery more challenging. We describe a technique for arthroscopic anterior glenoid augmentation using iliac crest bone graft that does not violate the subscapularis, by creating a far anterior-medial portal that traverses superior to the subscapularis and lateral to the conjoint tendon. The graft is passed through this portal and secured with rigid fixation. An arthroscopic Bankart capsulolabral repair is then performed, making the graft extra-articular. A remplissage can easily be added as indicated, allowing this procedure to arthroscopically address all 3 major components of structural instability: glenoid bone loss, capsulolabral tearing, and humeral bone loss.

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