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J Immunol. 2016 Nov 1;197(9):3680-3694. Epub 2016 Oct 5.

Mannan-Binding Lectin-Associated Serine Protease 1/3 Cleavage of Pro-Factor D into Factor D In Vivo and Attenuation of Collagen Antibody-Induced Arthritis through Their Targeted Inhibition by RNA Interference-Mediated Gene Silencing.

Author information

1
Division of Rheumatology, University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, CO 80045; Nirmal.Banda@ucdenver.edu.
2
Division of Rheumatology, University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, CO 80045.
3
School of Pharmacy, University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, CO 80045.
4
Colorado Center for Transplantation Care, University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, CO 80045.
5
Department of Immunology, Fukushima Medical University, Fukushima 960-1295, Japan; and.
6
Department of Biomedicine, University of Aarhus, 8000 Aarhus, Denmark.

Abstract

The complement system is proposed to play an important role in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The complement system mannan-binding lectin-associated serine proteases (MASP)-1/3 cleave pro-factor D (proDf; inactive) into Df (active), but it is unknown where this cleavage occurs and whether inhibition of MASP-1/3 is a relevant therapeutic strategy for RA. In the present study, we show that the cleavage of proDf into Df by MASP-1/3 can occur in the circulation and that inhibition of MASP-1/3 by gene silencing is sufficient to ameliorate collagen Ab-induced arthritis in mice. Specifically, to examine the cleavage of proDf into Df, MASP-1/3-producing Df-/- liver tissue (donor) was transplanted under the kidney capsule of MASP-1/3-/- (recipient) mice. Five weeks after the liver transplantation, cleaved Df was present in the circulation of MASP-1/3-/- mice. To determine the individual effects of MASP-1/3 and Df gene silencing on collagen Ab-induced arthritis, mice were injected with scrambled, MASP-1/3-targeted, or Df-targeted small interfering RNAs (siRNAs). The mRNA levels for MASP-1 and -3 decreased in the liver to 62 and 58%, respectively, in mice injected with MASP-1/3 siRNAs, and Df mRNA decreased to 53% in the adipose tissue of mice injected with Df siRNAs; additionally, circulating MASP-1/3 and Df protein levels were decreased. In mice injected with both siRNAs the clinical disease activity, histopathologic injury scores, C3 deposition, and synovial macrophage/neutrophil infiltration were significantly decreased. Thus, MASP-1/3 represent a new therapeutic target for the treatment of RA, likely through both direct effects on the lectin pathway and indirectly through the alternative pathway.

PMID:
27707997
PMCID:
PMC5113144
DOI:
10.4049/jimmunol.1600719
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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