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ACS Infect Dis. 2016 Nov 11;2(11):763-772. Epub 2016 Oct 12.

Zika Virus: Emergence, Phylogenetics, Challenges, and Opportunities.

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Department of Microbiology and Immunology and ‡Microbiome and Disease Tolerance Centre (MDTC), McGill University , Montréal, Québec, Canada H3A 2B4.


Zika virus (ZIKV) is an emerging arthropod-borne pathogen that has recently gained notoriety due to its rapid and ongoing geographic expansion and its novel association with neurological complications. Reports of ZIKV-associated Guillain-Barré syndrome as well as fetal microcephaly place emphasis on the need to develop preventative measures and therapeutics to combat ZIKV infection. Thus, it is imperative that models to study ZIKV replication and pathogenesis and the immune response are developed in conjunction with integrated vector control strategies to mount an efficient response to the pandemic. This paper summarizes the current state of knowledge on ZIKV, including the clinical features, phylogenetic analyses, pathogenesis, and the immune response to infection. Potential challenges in developing diagnostic tools, treatment, and prevention strategies are also discussed.


Guillain−Barré syndrome; Zika virus; fetal microcephaly

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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