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Comput Math Methods Med. 2016;2016:7878325. Epub 2016 Sep 14.

Analysis of Blood Transfusion Data Using Bivariate Zero-Inflated Poisson Model: A Bayesian Approach.

Author information

1
Student's Research Committee, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran.
2
Social Health Determinants Research Center, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran.
3
Epidemiology and Biostatistics Department, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran.

Abstract

Recognizing the factors affecting the number of blood donation and blood deferral has a major impact on blood transfusion. There is a positive correlation between the variables "number of blood donation" and "number of blood deferral": as the number of return for donation increases, so does the number of blood deferral. On the other hand, due to the fact that many donors never return to donate, there is an extra zero frequency for both of the above-mentioned variables. In this study, in order to apply the correlation and to explain the frequency of the excessive zero, the bivariate zero-inflated Poisson regression model was used for joint modeling of the number of blood donation and number of blood deferral. The data was analyzed using the Bayesian approach applying noninformative priors at the presence and absence of covariates. Estimating the parameters of the model, that is, correlation, zero-inflation parameter, and regression coefficients, was done through MCMC simulation. Eventually double-Poisson model, bivariate Poisson model, and bivariate zero-inflated Poisson model were fitted on the data and were compared using the deviance information criteria (DIC). The results showed that the bivariate zero-inflated Poisson regression model fitted the data better than the other models.

PMID:
27703493
PMCID:
PMC5039350
DOI:
10.1155/2016/7878325
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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