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J Health Care Poor Underserved. 2016 Feb;27(1):131-144.

Factors Associated with HIV Discussion and Condom Use with Sexual Partners in an Underserved Community in South Africa.

Author information

1
Department of Health Behavior, University of North Carolina.
2
Desmond Tutu HIV Centre, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.
3
Department of Biobehavioral Health, The Pennsylvania State University [Penn State].

Abstract

We examined factors associated with discussing HIV and condom use with a sexual partner. Two cross-sectional surveys were conducted in 2004 prior to the implementation of an HIV awareness campaign in a South African community and in 2008 after a three-year education program. Overall, the proportion of individuals who had discussed HIV with a sexual partner increased from 76% in 2004 to 89% in 2008 (p < .001). Among respondents who had sex six months before completing the surveys, condom use significantly increased from 64% in 2004 to 79% in 2008 (p < .05). Respondents who discussed HIV with a sexual partner were more likely to use condoms than respondents who had not discussed HIV with a sexual partner (OR=2.08, 95% CI=1.16, 3.72). These findings indicate the importance of interventions aimed at promoting HIV awareness and discussion of HIV in communities with individuals at risk of acquiring HIV.

KEYWORDS:

Condoms; HIV; South Africa; discussion; sexual partners

PMID:
27698549
PMCID:
PMC5045038
DOI:
10.1353/hpu.2016.0015
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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