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J Mol Biol. 1989 Jul 5;208(1):159-81.

Solvent effects on protein motion and protein effects on solvent motion. Dynamics of the active site region of lysozyme.

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Department of Chemistry, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138.


The stochastic boundary molecular dynamics methodology is applied to the active site of the enzyme lysozyme. A comparison is made of in vacuo dynamics results from the stochastic boundary method and a full conventional molecular dynamics simulation of lysozyme. Excellent agreement between the two approaches is obtained. The influence of solvent on the residues in the active site region is explored and it is shown that both the structure and dynamics are affected. Of particular importance for the structure of the protein is the solvation of polar residues and the stabilization of like-charged ion pairs. The magnitude of the fluctuations is only slightly altered by the solvent; the overall increase in the root-mean-square fluctuations, relative to the vacuum run, is 11%. The solvent effect on dynamical properties is found not to be simply related to the solvent viscosity. Both the solvent exposure and dynamic aspects of protein-solvent interactions, including the relative time scales of the motions, are shown to play a role. The effects of the protein on solvent dynamics and structure are also observed to be significant. The solvent molecules around atoms in charged, polar and apolar side-chains show markedly different diffusion coefficients as well as exhibiting different solvation structures. One key example is the water around apolar groups, which is much less mobile than bulk water, or water solvating polar groups.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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