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J Pediatr Surg. 1989 Aug;24(8):756-9.

Factors affecting urea clearance during continuous hemodiafiltration in the canine model.

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Division of Pediatric Surgery, Children's Hospital and Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH 45229.


Continuous hemofiltration (CH) for the treatment of hypervolemia and electrolyte abnormalities in critically ill patients with acute renal failure has been shown to be an effective mode of therapy. This technique offers several advantages over peritoneal dialysis or hemodialysis: it is technically less complex, provides efficient ultrafiltration, and produces fewer hemodynamic disturbances. Recently, continuous hemodiafiltration (CHD) using a flow of dialysate fluid into the ultrafiltration chamber has been reported to augment urea clearance. The purpose of this study was to determine the blood flow and dialysate flow characteristics for optimal clearance of urea and creatinine using this technique. Six mongrel dogs (mean weight, 8.0 +/- 1.1 kg) underwent bilateral nephrectomy to induce anuric renal failure. Postoperatively, the animals were fluid resuscitated and fed ad libitum. Twenty-four hours following nephrectomy, venovenous hemofiltration was instituted. Blood flow was regulated via a roller pump, while dialysate flow was regulated using an infusion controller. An Amicon-30S hemofilter was used in the circuit. Blood flow rates of 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, and 30 mL/kg/min were used. Hemodiafiltration using Dianeal 1.5% solution was used in each animal. Net fluid losses via ultrafiltration were replaced using lactated Ringer's solution. Three of six animals survived for the complete five-hour hemofiltration period. No marked disturbances in electrolyte serum concentrations, including hyperkalemia, were observed. BUN concentrations were reduced by 35% and creatinine by 26%. Variation of the dialysate flow rate did not influence clearance of either urea or creatinine. Instead, clearance appeared to be flow dependent, and it was markedly increased at flow rates greater than 15 mL/kg/min.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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