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Epilepsy Res. 2016 Nov;127:291-301. doi: 10.1016/j.eplepsyres.2016.08.013. Epub 2016 Aug 16.

Accuracy of MEG in localizing irritative zone and seizure onset zone: Quantitative comparison between MEG and intracranial EEG.

Author information

1
Department of Neurology, Chungnam National University Hospital, Chungnam National University School of Medicine, Daejeon, Republic of Korea.
2
Department of Neurology, Samsung Medical Center, Samsung Advanced Institute for Health Sciences & Technology (SAIHST), Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
3
Center for Biosignals, Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science, Daejeon, Republic of Korea.
4
Department of Neurology, Chungnam National University Hospital, Chungnam National University School of Medicine, Daejeon, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: jmoonkim@cnu.ac.kr.
5
Department of Neurology, Samsung Medical Center, Samsung Advanced Institute for Health Sciences & Technology (SAIHST), Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea; Samsung Biomedical Research Institute, Seoul, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: sbhong@skku.edu.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

We conducted the study to examine accuracy of the magnetoencephalography (MEG) spike source localization in presurgical evaluation of patients with medically refractory focal epilepsy.

METHODS:

Ten consecutive patients with refractory focal epilepsy who were candidates for two-stage surgery with long-term intracranial electroencephalography (ICEEG) monitoring were enrolled. Interictal MEG recordings with simultaneous scalp EEG were obtained within 7days before the ICEEG electrode implantation. The location of each MEG spike source was quantitatively compared with ICEEG spike foci (focal area of interictal spikes) and ICEEG ictal foci (earliest cortical origin of seizures). Gyral-width concordance and sublobar concordance were also determined for all MEG spike sources. Gyral-width concordance was defined by distance of 15mm or less between MEG spike sources and ICEEG spike foci or ICEEG ictal foci.

RESULTS:

Visual analyses of the MEG traces of all 10 patients revealed 292 spikes (29.2±24.0 per patient). Spike yield of the MEG was similar to the simultaneously recorded scalp EEG. MEG spike sources were closely located with ICEEG spike foci (distance: 9.3±10.8mm). Clustered MEG spike sources were even closer to ICEEG spike foci (distance: 7.3±6.4mm). MEG spike sources, even clustered ones, were less concordant with ICEEG ictal foci and had significant longer distance from ICEEG ictal foci (distance: 21.5±15.6mm for all sources, 19.7±13.7mm for clustered sources). Gyral-width concordance rate and sublobar concordance rate were also higher with ICEEG interictal spike foci than with ICEEG ictal foci. On the other hand, 53.4% of interictal spike foci from ICEEG were not detected by interictal MEG recordings.

CONCLUSIONS:

MEG spike sources, especially clustered ones, from interictal recording could localize the irritative zone of ICEEG with a high accuracy. However, MEG spike sources have relatively poor correlation with seizure onset zone and lower sensitivity in identifying all irritative zones of ICEEG. This limitation should be considered in the interpretation of MEG results.

KEYWORDS:

Epilepsy; Epilepsy surgery; Intracranial electroencephalography; Magnetic source imaging; Magnetoencephalography

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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