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Sci Rep. 2016 Sep 30;6:34478. doi: 10.1038/srep34478.

Neural Stem Cell Tumorigenicity and Biodistribution Assessment for Phase I Clinical Trial in Parkinson's Disease.

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International Stem Cell Corporation, Carlsbad, CA, USA.
Sanford-Burnham-Prebys Medical Discovery Institute, La Jolla, CA, USA.


Human pluripotent stem cells (PSC) have the potential to revolutionize regenerative medicine. However undifferentiated PSC can form tumors and strict quality control measures and safety studies must be conducted before clinical translation. Here we describe preclinical tumorigenicity and biodistribution safety studies that were required by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and Australian Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA) prior to conducting a Phase I clinical trial evaluating the safety and tolerability of human parthenogenetic stem cell derived neural stem cells ISC-hpNSC for treating Parkinson's disease ( Identifier NCT02452723). To mitigate the risk of having residual PSC in the final ISC-hpNSC population, we conducted sensitive in vitro assays using flow cytometry and qRT-PCR analyses and in vivo assays to determine acute toxicity, tumorigenicity and biodistribution. The results from these safety studies show the lack of residual undifferentiated PSC, negligible tumorigenic potential by ISC-hpNSC and provide additional assurance to their clinical application.

Conflict of interest statement

I.G., R.G., M.P., T.A., T.C.W., A.N., G.S., A.S. and R.K. are employees and stock holders of International Stem Cell Corporation.

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