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J Bone Joint Surg Br. 1989 Aug;71(4):560-5.

Surgical implications of varus deformity of the knee with obliquity of joint surfaces.

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Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario.


Some arthritic knees with varus deformity show excessive valgus angulation of the femoral joint surface with proximal tibia vara. This causes a downward and medial inclination of the articular surfaces in the coronal plane. The patients we studied had a medial shift of the standing load-bearing axis, and arthritic changes mainly in the medial compartment. Some also had lateral tibial subluxation with twisting of the distal femur and proximal tibia in opposite directions. We assessed the articular geometry by precise radiographic analysis, and compared the results with those in normal volunteers and a group of osteoarthritic patients. The prevalence of this type of deformity in our osteoarthritic patients was 11.5%; its recognition allows the use of specific operative correction that may include double osteotomy or the precise orientation of prosthetic components.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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