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J Drug Target. 2017 Mar;25(3):247-254. doi: 10.1080/1061186X.2016.1242132. Epub 2016 Oct 16.

Curcumin synergistically increases effects of β-interferon and retinoic acid on breast cancer cells in vitro and in vivo by up-regulation of GRIM-19 through STAT3-dependent and STAT3-independent pathways.

Author information

1
a Department of Breast Surgery , The First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University , Hefei , P.R. China.
2
b Central Sterile Supply Department , Anhui Provincial Hospital of Anhui Medical University , Hefei , P.R. China.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The study aimed to investigate the effects of combination treatment of curcumin and β-interferon (IFN-β)/retinoic acid (RA) on breast cancer cells, including cell viability, apoptosis and migration, and to determine the mechanisms related to GRIM-19 through STAT3-dependent and STAT3-independent pathways.

METHODS:

The following groups were used for the in vitro experiment: control siRNA, GRIM-19 siRNA, IFN-β/RA and IFN-β/RA + curcumin. Cell viability is by the MTT method, cell apoptosis by flow cytometry and cell migration by wound healing experiment; GRIM-19, STAT3, survivin, Bcl-2, GADD153 and COX-2 expression was measured by Western blot. In vivo experiment, MCF-7 cells were subcutaneously injected into nude mice.

RESULTS:

GRIM-19 siRNA promoted MCF-7 cell proliferation and migration; inhibited cell apoptosis; and promoted the expression of STAT3, survivin, Bcl-2 and MMP-9. IFN-β/RA inhibited cell proliferation and migration; promoted cell apoptosis; up-regulated GRIM-19; and inhibited the expression of STAT3, survivin, Bcl-2 and MMP-9. Combination treatment of curcumin and IFN-β/RA had a stronger effect than that of the IFN-β/RA group. In addition, curcumin and IFN-β/RA combination inhibited the expression of COX-2 and up-regulated GADD153.

CONCLUSION:

Curcumin synergistically increases the effects of IFN-β/RA on breast cancer cells. The mechanism may be related to the up-regulation of GRIM-19 through STAT3-dependent and STAT3-independent pathways.

KEYWORDS:

Curcumin; GRIM-19; STAT3; all-trans retinoic acid; β-interferon

PMID:
27677346
DOI:
10.1080/1061186X.2016.1242132
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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