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Tissue Eng Part A. 2016 Nov;22(21-22):1258-1263. Epub 2016 Oct 25.

Evaluation of Silver Ion-Releasing Scaffolds in a 3D Coculture System of MRSA and Human Adipose-Derived Stem Cells for Their Potential Use in Treatment or Prevention of Osteomyelitis.

Author information

  • 11 Joint Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and North Carolina State University , Raleigh, North Carolina.
  • 22 Silpakorn University , Nakornpathom, Thailand .
  • 33 College of Textiles, North Carolina State University , Raleigh, North Carolina.
  • 44 College of Engineering, University of Missouri , Columbia, Missouri.

Abstract

Bone infection, also called osteomyelitis, can result when bacteria invade a bone. Treatment of osteomyelitis usually requires surgical debridement and prolonged antimicrobial therapy. The rising incidence of infection with multidrug-resistant bacteria, in particular methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), however, limits the antimicrobial treatment options available. Silver is well known for its antimicrobial properties and is highly toxic to a wide range of microorganisms. We previously reported our development of biocompatible, biodegradable, nanofibrous scaffolds that released silver ions in a controlled manner. The objective of this study was to determine the efficacy of these scaffolds in treating or preventing osteomyelitis. To achieve this objective, antimicrobial efficacy was determined using a 3D coculture system of human adipose-derived stem cells (hASC) and MRSA. Human ASC were seeded on the scaffolds and induced to undergo osteogenic differentiation in both the absence and presence of MRSA. Our results indicated that the silver ion-releasing scaffolds not only inhibited biofilm formation, but also supported osteogenesis of hASC. Our findings suggest that these biocompatible, degradable, silver ion-releasing scaffolds can be used at an infection site to treat osteomyelitis and/or to coat bone implants as a preventative measure against infection postsurgery.

KEYWORDS:

antimicrobial; coculture; nanofiber; osteomyelitis

PMID:
27676280
PMCID:
PMC5107669
[Available on 2017-11-01]
DOI:
10.1089/ten.TEA.2016.0063
[PubMed - in process]
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