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Exp Cell Res. 1989 Aug;183(2):388-98.

Growth-promoting effects of acidic and basic fibroblast growth factor on rabbit articular chondrocytes aging in culture.

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Laboratoire de Pharmacologie Cellulaire, Paris, France.


Rabbit articular chondrocytes have a limited growth potential in vitro. After four passages in culture, chondrocytes have accomplished more than 50% of their life span. At this stage of culture, they are considered to be senescent-like, since a dramatic decrease in proliferative capacity and enhanced cell size and protein content are observed. These aged cells are, however, still able to respond to fibroblast growth factor (FGF). The addition of either acidic or basic FGF (10 ng/ml) to culture medium permitted an enhanced proliferation. The attenuation of FGF mitogenic activity during aging was not observed for both fractions. Moreover, when treated with acidic or basic FGF, aged chondrocytes had a smaller size and a lower protein content. The acidic FGF was less potent than the basic FGF in delaying the evolution of aged chondrocytes to senescence.

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