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CNS Spectr. 2017 Jun;22(3):258-272. doi: 10.1017/S1092852916000390. Epub 2016 Sep 27.

Schizo-obsessive spectrum disorders: an update.

Author information

1
Psychiatry Unit,Pedro Ernesto University Hospital,State University of Rio de Janeiro,Rio de Janeiro,Brazil.

Abstract

The presence of obsessive-compulsive symptoms (OCS) and obsessive-compulsive disorders (OCD) in schizophrenia is frequent, and a new clinical entity has been proposed for those who show the dual diagnosis: the schizo-obsessive disorder. This review scrutinizes the literature across the main academic databases, and provides an update on different aspects of schizo-obsessive spectrum disorders, which include schizophrenia, schizotypal personality disorder (SPD) with OCD, OCD with poor insight, schizophrenia with OCS, and schizophrenia with OCD (schizo-obsessive disorder). An epidemiological discussion on the discrepancies observed in the prevalence of OCS and OCD in schizophrenia across time is provided, followed by an overview of the main clinical and phenomenological features of the disorder in comparison to the primary conditions under a spectral perspective. An updated and comparative analysis of the main genetic, neurobiological, neurocognitive, and pharmacological treatment aspects for the schizo-obsessive spectrum is provided, and a discussion on endophenotypic markers is introduced in order to better understand its substrate. There is sufficient evidence in the literature to demonstrate the clinical relevance of the schizo-obsessive spectrum, although little is known about the neurobiology, genetics, and neurocognitive aspects of these groups. The pharmacological treatment of these patients is still challenging, and efforts to search for possible specific endophenotypic markers would open new avenues in the knowledge of schizo-obsessive spectrum.

KEYWORDS:

co-morbidity; endophenotypic marker; insight; neurocognition; obsessive-compulsive disorder; schizophrenia

PMID:
27669819
DOI:
10.1017/S1092852916000390
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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