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AMA J Ethics. 2016 Sep 1;18(9):933-40. doi: 10.1001/journalofethics.2016.18.9.stas2-1609.

Teamwork in Health Care: Maximizing Collective Intelligence via Inclusive Collaboration and Open Communication.

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Associate professor of organizational behavior and theory at the Tepper School of Business at Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh.


Teams offer the potential to achieve more than any person could achieve working alone; yet, particularly in teams that span professional boundaries, it is critical to capitalize on the variety of knowledge, skills, and abilities available. This article reviews research from the field of organizational behavior to shed light on what makes for a collectively intelligent team. In doing so, we highlight the importance of moving beyond simply including smart people on a team to thinking about how those people can effectively coordinate and collaborate. In particular, we review the importance of two communication processes: ensuring that team members with relevant knowledge (1) speak up when one's expertise can be helpful and (2) influence the team's work so that the team does its collective best for the patient.

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