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Int J Hyg Environ Health. 2016 Nov;219(8):749-758. doi: 10.1016/j.ijheh.2016.09.012. Epub 2016 Sep 19.

Aircraft, road and railway traffic noise as risk factors for heart failure and hypertensive heart disease-A case-control study based on secondary data.

Author information

1
Institute and Policlinic of Occupational and Social Medicine, TU Dresden, Faculty of Medicine Carl Gustav Carus, Dresden, Germany. Electronic address: Andreas.Seidler@mailbox.tu-dresden.de.
2
Institute and Policlinic of Occupational and Social Medicine, TU Dresden, Faculty of Medicine Carl Gustav Carus, Dresden, Germany.
3
Institute of Medical Informatics, Justus-Liebig-University Gießen, Germany.
4
Institute of Social Medicine and Health Economics, Otto-von-Guericke-University Magdeburg, Germany.
5
Department of Prevention and Evaluation, Leibniz-Institute for Prevention Research and Epidemiology-BIPS GmbH, Germany.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Several studies point to an elevated risk for cardiovascular diseases induced by traffic noise.

AIMS:

We examined the association between aircraft, road traffic and railway noise and heart failure or hypertensive heart disease (HHD) in a large case-control study.

METHODS:

The study population consisted of individuals that were insured by three large statutory health insurance funds in the Rhine-Main area of Germany. Based on insurance claims and prescription data, 104,145 cases of heart failure or HHD diagnosed 2006-10 were identified and compared with 654,172 control subjects. Address-specific exposure to aircraft, road and railway traffic noise in 2005 was estimated. Odds Ratios were calculated using logistic regression analysis, adjusted for age, sex, local proportion of persons receiving unemployment benefits, and individual socioeconomic status (available for 39% of the individuals).

RESULTS:

A statistically significant linear exposure-risk relationship with heart failure or hypertensive heart disease was found for aircraft traffic noise (1.6% risk increase per 10dB increase in the 24-h continuous noise level; 95% CI 0.3-3.0%), road traffic noise (2.4% per 10dB; 95% CI 1.6-3.2%), and railway noise (3.1% per 10dB; 95% CI 2.2-4.1%). For individuals with 24-h continuous aircraft noise levels <40dB and nightly maximum aircraft noise levels exceeding 50dB six or more times, a significantly increased risk was observed. In general, risks of HHD were considerably higher than the risks of heart failure.

CONCLUSIONS:

Regarding the high prevalence of traffic noise from various sources, even low risk increases for frequent diseases are relevant for the population as a whole.

KEYWORDS:

Aircraft noise; Case-control study; Heart failure; Hypertensive heart disease; Railway noise; Road traffic noise

PMID:
27667192
DOI:
10.1016/j.ijheh.2016.09.012
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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