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Arthropod Struct Dev. 2017 Jan;46(1):130-137. doi: 10.1016/j.asd.2016.09.006. Epub 2016 Oct 27.

Changes in tarsal morphology and attachment ability to rough surfaces during ontogenesis in the beetle Gastrophysa viridula (Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae).

Author information

1
Evolutionary Biomaterials Group, Department of Thin Films and Biological Systems, Max Planck Institute for Intelligent Systems, Heisenbergstraße 03, D-70569 Stuttgart, Germany. Electronic address: dbz1@pitt.edu.
2
Evolutionary Biomaterials Group, Department of Thin Films and Biological Systems, Max Planck Institute for Intelligent Systems, Heisenbergstraße 03, D-70569 Stuttgart, Germany; Functional Morphology and Biomechanics, Zoological Institute, Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel, Am Botanischen Garten 1-9, D-24098 Kiel, Germany. Electronic address: sgorb@zoologie.uni-kiel.de.
3
Evolutionary Biomaterials Group, Department of Thin Films and Biological Systems, Max Planck Institute for Intelligent Systems, Heisenbergstraße 03, D-70569 Stuttgart, Germany; Functional Morphology and Biomechanics, Zoological Institute, Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel, Am Botanischen Garten 1-9, D-24098 Kiel, Germany. Electronic address: dagmar.voigt@tu-dresden.de.

Abstract

Insects live in a three-dimensional space, and need to be able to attach to different types of surfaces in a variety of environmental and behavioral contexts. Adult leaf beetles possess great attachment ability due to their hairy attachment pads. In contrast, their larvae depend on smooth pads to attach to the same host plant. We tested friction forces generated by larvae and adults of dock leaf beetles Gastrophysa viridula on different rough surfaces, and found that adults generate much higher attachment to various substrates than larvae, but are more susceptible to completely losing attachment ability on surfaces with "critical" roughness. Furthermore, sex-specific setal morphology has the effect that attachment forces of male adults are generally higher than those of females when adjusted for body weight. The results are discussed in the context of development, ecology, and changing behavioral strategies of successive life stages.

KEYWORDS:

Adhesion; Attachment; Centrifugal force test; Friction; Insect; Tenent setae

PMID:
27664782
DOI:
10.1016/j.asd.2016.09.006
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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