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Sci Total Environ. 2017 Jan 1;574:744-750. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.09.102. Epub 2016 Oct 14.

Solar ultraviolet doses and vitamin D in a northern mid-latitude.

Author information

1
Solar Radiation Research Group, Universitat Politècnica de València, Camino de Vera s/n, 46022, Valencia, Spain. Electronic address: mserranj@fis.upv.es.
2
Solar Radiation Research Group, Universitat Politècnica de València, Camino de Vera s/n, 46022, Valencia, Spain.
3
Solar Radiation Research Group, Universitat Politècnica de València, Camino de Vera s/n, 46022, Valencia, Spain. Electronic address: jcmestev@fis.upv.es.
4
Solar Radiation Research Group, Universitat Politècnica de València, Camino de Vera s/n, 46022, Valencia, Spain. Electronic address: gongurys@csa.upv.es.

Abstract

Solar ultraviolet (UV) radiation is one of the most important factors in the development of skin cancer in human, solar erythema and skin aging. Nevertheless, numerous studies have shown the benefits of UV solar radiation in moderate doses, such as the reduction of blood pressure and mental health, treatment of various diseases, and the synthesis of vitamin D in the skin. This paper analyses data from solar ultraviolet erythemal (UVER) irradiance in W/m2 measured in a northern mid-latitude as Valencia (Spain) for the period 2003-2010. To estimate effective solar UV radiation in the production of vitamin D (UVD) we used the relationship proposed by McKenzie et al. (2009). It was obtained for one month for each season the minimum exposure time needed around solar noon and at 9 UTC and 15 UTC (Coordinated Universal Time) to obtain the recommended daily dose of 1000IU. Also, it has been calculated time for erythema induction around solar noon for the same months. The median UVER daily dose during the summer months was 4000J/m2day, and 700J/m2day in winter. With regard to UVD, the median UVD daily dose in summer season was 7700J/m2day, and in winter it was 1000J/m2day. Around noon in January it takes more than two hours of solar exposure to obtain the recommended daily dose of vitamin D, whereas the rest of the year range between 7min on July and 31min on October. For the same months around noon, exposure times to produce erythema were obtained, these being of higher value to the previous. The results show that it is difficult to obtain the recommended vitamin D doses in winter in a northern mid-latitude, as the human body is almost entirely covered in this season.

KEYWORDS:

Ultraviolet erythemal irradiance; Ultraviolet index; Ultraviolet radiation; Ultraviolet vitamin D irradiance; Vitamin D dose

PMID:
27664761
DOI:
10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.09.102
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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