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Autoimmun Rev. 2017 Jan;16(1):64-71. doi: 10.1016/j.autrev.2016.09.013. Epub 2016 Sep 21.

Autoimmunity-Basics and link with periodontal disease.

Author information

1
Department of Periodontology and Oral Implantology, Genesis Institute of Dental Sciences and Research, Punjab. Electronic address: doctorgagandeep@gmail.com.
2
Department of Periodontology and Oral Implantology, Laxmi Bai Dental College and Hospital, Patiala, Punjab, India. Electronic address: mohindrakanika@gmail.com.
3
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Adesh Institute of Dental Sciences and Research, Bathinda, Punjab, India. Electronic address: shifali88@gmail.com.

Abstract

Autoimmune reactions reflect an imbalance between effector and regulatory immune responses, typically develop through stages of initiation and propagation, and often show phases of resolution (indicated by clinical remissions) and exacerbations (indicated by symptomatic flares). The fundamental underlying mechanism of autoimmunity is defective elimination and/or control of self-reactive lymphocytes. Periodontal diseases are characterized by inflammatory conditions that directly affect teeth-supporting structures, which are the major cause of tooth loss. Several studies have demonstrated the involvement of autoimmune responses in periodontal disease. Evidence of involvement of immunopathology has been reported in periodontal disease. Bacteria in the dental plaque induce antibody formation. Autoreactive T-cells, natural killer cells, ANCA, heat shock proteins, autoantibodies, and genetic factors are reported to have an important role in the autoimmune component of periodontal disease. The present review describes the involvement of autoimmune responses in periodontal diseases and also the mechanisms underlying these responses.

KEYWORDS:

Antibodies; Autoimmunity; Immunopathology; Periodontal disease

PMID:
27664383
DOI:
10.1016/j.autrev.2016.09.013
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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