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J Pediatr. 2016 Dec;179:160-165.e3. doi: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2016.08.046. Epub 2016 Sep 20.

Complications of Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography in Pediatric Patients; A Systematic Literature Review and Meta-Analysis.

Author information

1
Department of Pediatrics, University of California, San Francisco, CA.
2
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of California, San Francisco, CA.
3
Department of Pediatrics, University of California, San Francisco, CA; Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of California, San Francisco, CA.
4
Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, CA.
5
Department of Pediatrics, University of California, San Francisco, CA. Electronic address: mel.heyman@ucsf.edu.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To systematically review risks and summarize reported complication rates associated with the performance of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in children during the past 2 decades.

STUDY DESIGN:

A systematic literature search of MEDLINE, Embase, and Web of Science from January 1995 to January 2016 was conducted for observational studies published in English. Studies reporting ERCP complications in patients <21 years without history of liver transplant or cholecystectomy were included. A summary estimate of the proportion of children who experienced complications following ERCP was derived via a random effects meta-analysis.

RESULTS:

Thirty-two studies involving 2612 children and 3566 procedures were included. Subjects' ages ranged from 3 days to 21 years. Procedures were performed for biliary (54%), pancreatic (38%), and other (8%) indications; 56% of ERCPs were interventional. The pooled complication rate was 6% (95% CI 4%- 8%). Procedural complications included post-ERCP pancreatitis (166, 4.7%), bleeding (22, 0.6%), and infections (27, 0.8%). The pooled estimate of post-ERCP pancreatitis was 3% (95% CI 0.02-0.05), and other complications were 1% (95% CI 0.02-0.05). In the subgroup with neonatal cholestasis, the pooled complication rate was 3% (95% CI 0.01-0.07). Adult and pediatric gastroenterologists and surgeons performed the ERCPs. Available data limited the ability to report differences between pediatric-trained and other endoscopists.

CONCLUSIONS:

Complications associated with pediatric ERCP range widely in severity and are reported inconsistently. Our review suggests 6% of pediatric ERCPs have complications. Further studies that use systematic and standardized methodologies are needed to determine the frequency and risk factors for ERCP-related complications.

KEYWORDS:

ERCP; children; endoscopist; hepatobiliary; neonatal cholestasis; pancreas; safety

PMID:
27663215
PMCID:
PMC5123955
DOI:
10.1016/j.jpeds.2016.08.046
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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