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Explore (NY). 2016 Nov - Dec;12(6):427-435. doi: 10.1016/j.explore.2016.08.004. Epub 2016 Aug 18.

Well-Being and Self-Assessment of Change: Secondary Analysis of an RCT That Demonstrated Benefit of Inhaled Lavender and Sleep Hygiene in College Students with Sleep Problems.

Author information

1
School of Nursing, University of Minnesota, 308 SE Harvard St, Minneapolis, MN 55455. Electronic address: alillehei@comcast.net.
2
School of Nursing, University of Minnesota, 308 SE Harvard St, Minneapolis, MN 55455.

Abstract

CONTEXT:

Sleep issues are prevalent and affect health and well-being. The aspects of well-being that are impacted by sleep interventions have not been well studied.

OBJECTIVES:

To investigate the impact of lavender and sleep hygiene (LSH) compared to sleep hygiene (SH) alone on well-being as measured by the Self-assessment of Change questionnaire (SAC) at post-intervention and two-week follow-up, and secondarily to compare the SAC sleep item to results from standardized sleep surveys.

DESIGN:

Secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial (RCT) where one group received a lavender inhalation patch and practiced sleep hygiene (LSH) and the other group received a placebo inhalation patch and practiced sleep hygiene (SH) for five consecutive nights.

SETTING:

Usual sleep setting.

PARTICIPANTS:

Seventy-nine college students with self-reported sleep issues.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

The SAC was completed at post-intervention and follow-up.

RESULTS:

Exploratory analysis showed significantly improved well-being for the LSH group at post-intervention for well-being domains of sleep, energy, and vibrancy (P = .01, .03, and .05, respectively) and an overall trend of improved well-being in comparison to the SH group at post-intervention and follow-up. The SAC sleep item showed a similar pattern of change to the standardized sleep surveys with a statistically significant improvement in sleep for the LSH group at follow-up (P = .02).

CONCLUSIONS:

Findings demonstrate the positive impact of the lavender intervention on three domains of self-assessed well-being are energy, vibrancy, and sleep. SAC results extend and complement prior findings of improved sleep quality.

KEYWORDS:

SAC; aromatherapy; inhaled lavender; self-assessment of change; sleep quality; well-being

PMID:
27659004
DOI:
10.1016/j.explore.2016.08.004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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