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J Exerc Rehabil. 2016 Aug 31;12(4):340-5. doi: 10.12965/jer.1632624.312. eCollection 2016 Aug.

Development and effect of a cognitive enhancement gymnastics program for elderly people with dementia.

Author information

1
Department of Physical Education, College of Teacher, Kyungpook National University, Deagu, Korea.
2
Gymnastics for All, Nippon Sport Science University, Tokyo, Japan.
3
Department of Sport Leisure, College of Sports Science, Yongin University, Yongin, Korea.
4
World Gymnastics for All Institute, Yongini, Korea.
5
Department of Dance, College of Art, Kongju National University, Gongju, Korea.
6
Department of Exercise Rehabilitation & Welfare, College of Health Science, Gachon Universtity, Incheon, Korea.

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to develop a cognitive enhancement gymnastics program for the elderly with dementia and to verify its effect. The study was conducted on 27 people with dementia being treated in a dementia day care center in Incheon city. No statistically significant differences were found in the measures Mini-Mental State Examination for Dementia Screening (MMSE-DS), Short Geriatric Depression Scale (SGDS), Seoul Activities of Daily Living (S-ADL), or rock-paper-scissors. However, the MMSE-DS and rock-paper-scissors showed improvement after 12 weeks.

KEYWORDS:

Cognitive enhancement gymnastics program; Dementia; Development and effect; Elderly people; Rock-paper-scissors

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