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J Exerc Rehabil. 2016 Aug 31;12(4):340-5. doi: 10.12965/jer.1632624.312. eCollection 2016 Aug.

Development and effect of a cognitive enhancement gymnastics program for elderly people with dementia.

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Department of Physical Education, College of Teacher, Kyungpook National University, Deagu, Korea.
Gymnastics for All, Nippon Sport Science University, Tokyo, Japan.
Department of Sport Leisure, College of Sports Science, Yongin University, Yongin, Korea.
World Gymnastics for All Institute, Yongini, Korea.
Department of Dance, College of Art, Kongju National University, Gongju, Korea.
Department of Exercise Rehabilitation & Welfare, College of Health Science, Gachon Universtity, Incheon, Korea.


The purpose of this study was to develop a cognitive enhancement gymnastics program for the elderly with dementia and to verify its effect. The study was conducted on 27 people with dementia being treated in a dementia day care center in Incheon city. No statistically significant differences were found in the measures Mini-Mental State Examination for Dementia Screening (MMSE-DS), Short Geriatric Depression Scale (SGDS), Seoul Activities of Daily Living (S-ADL), or rock-paper-scissors. However, the MMSE-DS and rock-paper-scissors showed improvement after 12 weeks.


Cognitive enhancement gymnastics program; Dementia; Development and effect; Elderly people; Rock-paper-scissors

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