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Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging. 2016 Oct;17(10):1071-97. doi: 10.1093/ehjci/jew172.

Three-dimensional echocardiography in congenital heart disease: an expert consensus document from the European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging and the American Society of Echocardiography.

Author information

1
Evelina London Children's Hospital, London, UK john.simpson@gstt.nhs.uk.
2
Evelina London Children's Hospital, London, UK.

Abstract

Three-dimensional echocardiography (3DE) has become important in the management of patients with congenital heart disease (CHD), particularly with pre-surgical planning, guidance of catheter intervention, and functional assessment of the heart. 3DE is increasingly used in children because of good acoustic windows and the non-invasive nature of the technique. The aim of this paper is to provide a review of the optimal application of 3DE in CHD including technical considerations, image orientation, application to different lesions, procedural guidance, and functional assessment.

KEYWORDS:

ASE; EACVI; congenital heart disease; recommendation; three-dimensional echocardiography

PMID:
27655864
DOI:
10.1093/ehjci/jew172
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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