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J Biol Regul Homeost Agents. 2016 Jul-Sep;30(3):807-810.

An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants with narcotic, sedative and analgesic effects in west of Iran.

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Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Razi Herbal Medicines Research Center, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran.
Medical Plants Research Center, Shahrekord University of Medical sciences, Shahrekord, Iran.
Clinical Microbiology Research Center, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran.
Department of Microbiology, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Razi Herbal Medicines Research Center and Department of Microbiology, School of Medicine, Lorestan University of Medical sciences, Khorramabad, Iran.


The first step for identification of medicinal plants and their therapeutic effects is to determine their use by local people, traditional medicine books and personal experiences. The aim of this study was to document the medicinal plants used as analgesic, sedative or narcotic agents by local residents of Dehloran, Iran. Interviews conducted with 53 informants (38 male and 15 female) revealed that a total of 32 medicinal plants belonging to 22 families are used in Dehloran as narcotic, sedative and analgesic agents. The most utilized plant families were Asteraceae, Rosaceae and Fabaceae. Approximately 74% of the utilized plants was attributed to herbs, followed by trees (13%) and shrubs (13%). Sixty-six percent of the medicinal plants used in the study area were perennial and the rest were annual or biannual. The most widely used plant parts were flowers (34%) followed by leaves (24%) and fruits (14%). Thirty-nine percent of the medicinal plants were used as sedatives, 39% as analgesics, and 24% as narcotics. Recommended plants in this study can be good candidates for further clinical and laboratory trials on diseases that are associated with pain, suffering, stress and depression. They also can be used to develop new sedative, narcotic and analgesic drugs.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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