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Biochemistry. 1989 May 16;28(10):4283-91.

Laser temperature-jump, spectroscopic, and thermodynamic study of salt effects on duplex formation by dGCATGC.

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1
Department of Chemistry, University of Rochester, New York 14627.

Abstract

Salt effects on duplex formation by dGCATGC have been studied with spectroscopic, thermodynamic, and kinetic methods. Circular dichroism spectra indicate different salt conditions have little effect on the structures of the duplex and single strand. NMR chemical shifts indicate the structure of the duplex in 1 M NaCl is similar to that of the B-form determined previously in 0.5 M KCl [Nilges, M., Clore, G. M., Gronenborn, A. M., Brunger, A. T., Karplus, M., & Nilsson, L. (1987) Biochemistry 26, 3718-3733]. Optical melting experiments indicate the effect of Na+ concentration on melting temperature is similar to that expected for a polynucleotide with the same GC content. Laser temperature-jump experiments indicate the effect of Na+ concentration on the rate of duplex formation is much less than is observed for polynucleotides. The observations are consistent with expectations based on a counterion condensation model. This is surprising for a duplex with only 10 phosphates.

PMID:
2765487
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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