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Water Environ Res. 2016;88(9):804-810.

Pyrolysis of Dried Wastewater Biosolids Can Be Energy Positive.

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1
Department of Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering, Marquette University, 1515 W Wisconsin Ave, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA.

Abstract

  Pyrolysis is a thermal process that converts biosolids into biochar (a soil amendment), py-oil and py-gas, which can be energy sources. The objectives of this research were to determine the product yield of dried biosolids during pyrolysis and the energy requirements of pyrolysis. Bench-scale experiments revealed that temperature increases up to 500 °C substantially decreased the fraction of biochar and increased the fraction of py-oil. Py-gas yield increased above 500 °C. The energy required for pyrolysis was approximately 5-fold less than the energy required to dry biosolids (depending on biosolids moisture content), indicating that, if a utility already uses energy to dry biosolids, then pyrolysis does not require a substantial amount of energy. However, if a utility produces wet biosolids, then implementing pyrolysis may be costly because of the energy required to dry the biosolids. The energy content of py-gas and py-oil was always greater than the energy required for pyrolysis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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