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J Neurol Surg A Cent Eur Neurosurg. 2017 Jul;78(4):390-396. doi: 10.1055/s-0036-1592157. Epub 2016 Sep 21.

Biportal Endoscopic Lumbar Decompression for Lumbar Disk Herniation and Spinal Canal Stenosis: A Technical Note.

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Department of Orthopaedics, Spine Health Wooridul Hospital, Gangnam-gu, Seoul, the Republic of Korea.
Department of Neurosurgery, Spine Health Wooridul Hospital, Pohang, the Republic of Korea.
Department of Neurosurgery, Spine Health Wooridul Hospital, Seoul, the Republic of Korea.
Department of Orthopedic Spine, Spine Health Wooridul Hospital, Gangnam, Seoul, the Republic of Korea.


Background and Study Aims Endoscopic lumbar diskectomy through the interlaminar window is gaining recognition. Most of the literature describes these endoscopic procedures using specialized uniportal multichannel endoscopes. However, a single portal limits the motion of the instruments and obscures visualization of the operating field. To overcome this limitation, we propose a new technique that utilizes two portals to access the spinal canal. The biportal endoscopic lumbar decompression (BELD) technique uses two portals to treat difficult lumbar disk herniations and also lumbar spinal stenoses. Patients and Methods Seventeen patients were treated with BELD for 11 lumbar disk herniations and 6 lumbar spinal stenoses. Preoperative back and leg visual analog scale (VAS-B and VAS-L, respectively) scores and the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) were recorded and compared with corresponding values on final follow-up. Results There was an average follow-up of 14 months. For the disk herniation group, preoperative VAS-L (7.8750 ± 1.24) and ODI (51.73 ± 18.57) was significantly different from follow-up postoperative VAS-L (0.87 ± 0.64, p = 0.000) and ODI (9.37 ± 4.83, p = 0.001). For the stenosis group, preoperative VAS-B (6.17 ± 1.94), VAS-L(7.83 ± 1.47), and ODI (63.27 ± 7.67) were significantly different from follow-up postoperative values (2.5 ± 1.04, p = 0.022; 2.00 ± 1.67, p = 0.001; 24.00 ± 6.45, p = 0.000, respectively). One patient underwent revision microdiskectomy for incomplete decompression. Conclusions BELD can achieve a similar decompression effect as microdiskectomy and unilateral laminotomy for bilateral decompression with a smaller incision than tubular diskectomy.

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