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Cell Mol Life Sci. 2017 Feb;74(4):731-746. doi: 10.1007/s00018-016-2365-0. Epub 2016 Sep 20.

P2Y2 receptor modulates shear stress-induced cell alignment and actin stress fibers in human umbilical vein endothelial cells.

Author information

1
Department of Cardiology, Clinical Sciences, Lund University, Tornavägen 10, BMC-D12, Room D1219b, 221 84, Lund, Sweden. Ramasri.Sathanoori@med.lu.se.
2
Department of Cardiology, Clinical Sciences, Lund University, Tornavägen 10, BMC-D12, Room D1219b, 221 84, Lund, Sweden.
3
PharmaCenter, Pharmaceutical Institute, Pharmaceutical Chemistry I, University of Bonn, Bonn, Germany.
4
Department of Biochemistry, University of Missouri, Columbia, USA.

Abstract

Endothelial cells release ATP in response to fluid shear stress, which activates purinergic (P2) receptor-mediated signaling molecules including endothelial nitric oxide (eNOS), a regulator of vascular tone. While P2 receptor-mediated signaling in the vasculature is well studied, the role of P2Y2 receptors in shear stress-associated endothelial cell alignment, cytoskeletal alterations, and wound repair remains ill defined. To address these aspects, human umbilical vein endothelial cell (HUVEC) monolayers were cultured on gelatin-coated dishes and subjected to a shear stress of 1 Pa. HUVECs exposed to either P2Y2 receptor antagonists or siRNA showed impaired fluid shear stress-induced cell alignment, and actin stress fiber formation as early as 6 h. Similarly, when compared to cells expressing the P2Y2 Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD) wild-type receptors, HUVECs transiently expressing the P2Y2 Arg-Gly-Glu (RGE) mutant receptors showed reduced cell alignment and actin stress fiber formation in response to shear stress as well as to P2Y2 receptor agonists in static cultures. Additionally, we observed reduced shear stress-induced phosphorylation of focal adhesion kinase (Y397), and cofilin-1 (S3) with receptor knockdown as well as in cells expressing the P2Y2 RGE mutant receptors. Consistent with the role of P2Y2 receptors in vasodilation, receptor knockdown and overexpression of P2Y2 RGE mutant receptors reduced shear stress-induced phosphorylation of AKT (S473), and eNOS (S1177). Furthermore, in a scratched wound assay, shear stress-induced cell migration was reduced by both pharmacological inhibition and receptor knockdown. Together, our results suggest a novel role for P2Y2 receptor in shear stress-induced cytoskeletal alterations in HUVECs.

KEYWORDS:

FAK; Integrins; P2Y2 receptors; Shear stress; Wound repair

PMID:
27652381
PMCID:
PMC5272905
DOI:
10.1007/s00018-016-2365-0
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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