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J Immigr Minor Health. 2017 Dec;19(6):1304-1314. doi: 10.1007/s10903-016-0489-9.

Vision and Hearing Health Inequities in the Roma population: A National Cross-Sectional Study in Spain.

Author information

1
Public Health Research Group, University of Alicante, Campus San Vicente del Raspeig. Ap.99 E-03080, 03690, Alicante, Spain. Sergio.latorre@ua.es.
2
Universidade Lurio, Campus de Marrere, 0301, Nampula, Mozambique. Sergio.latorre@ua.es.
3
Public Health Research Group, University of Alicante, Campus San Vicente del Raspeig. Ap.99 E-03080, 03690, Alicante, Spain.
4
Department of Community Nursing, Preventive Medicine and Public Health and History of Science, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Alicante, 03690, Alicante, Spain.
5
CIBER Epidemiología y Salud Pública (CIBERESP), 03690, Alicante, Spain.
6
Department of Sociology, University of Alicante, 03690, Alicante, Spain.

Abstract

We analyzed vision and hearing health status in the Spanish Roma population compared with the general population and its influence on mental health and social participation. We conducted a Cross-sectional study on Roma population (n = 1.167) compared to general population in Spain (n = 21.007). We analyzed the use of optical and hearing aids, vision and hearing limitations and associations with mental health, diagnosed depression and social participation; through prevalence, odds ratio adjusted by age (AOR), Chi square independence test and contrast of proportions (p < 0.05). The Roma population are more likely to present vision limitations-far sight AOR = 3.76 (3.13-4.55), near sight AOR = 3.18 (2.33-4.35)-, hearing difficulties-AOR = 1.41 (1.15-1.72)-, and lower use of corrective aids than the general population. These findings were associated with poor mental health and lower social participation (p < 0.01). Vision and hearing limitations affect unequally in Spain. Addressing avoidable vision and hearing impairment among Roma population is needed to reduce health inequities.

KEYWORDS:

Ethnicity; Health inequities; Roma population; Vision and hearing impairment

PMID:
27651272
DOI:
10.1007/s10903-016-0489-9
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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