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Curr Cardiol Rep. 2016 Nov;18(11):111. doi: 10.1007/s11886-016-0793-y.

Progressing Insights into the Role of Dietary Fats in the Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease.

Author information

1
Unilever R&D Vlaardingen, Olivier van Noortlaan 120, 3133 AT, Vlaardingen, The Netherlands. peter.zock@unilever.com.
2
Unilever R&D Vlaardingen, Olivier van Noortlaan 120, 3133 AT, Vlaardingen, The Netherlands.
3
Member of the IUNS-associated International Expert Movement to Improve Dietary Fat Quality, ScienceVoice Consulting, 2931 Race Street, Denver, CO, 80205, USA.
4
Member of the IUNS-associated International Expert Movement to Improve Dietary Fat Quality, Maastricht University, Brikkenoven 14, 6247 BG, Gronsveld, Netherlands.

Abstract

Dietary fats have important effects on the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Abundant evidence shows that partial replacement of saturated fatty acids (SAFA) with unsaturated fatty acids improves the blood lipid and lipoprotein profile and reduces the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD). Low-fat diets high in refined carbohydrates and sugar are not effective. Very long-chain polyunsaturated n-3 or omega-3 fatty acids (n-3 VLCPUFA) present in fish have multiple beneficial metabolic effects, and regular intake of fatty fish is associated with lower risks of fatal CHD and stroke. Food-based guidelines on dietary fats recommend limiting the consumption of animal fats high in SAFA, using vegetable oils high in monounsaturated (MUFA) and polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), and eating fatty fish. These recommendations are part of a healthy eating pattern that also includes ample intake of plant-based foods rich in fiber and limited sugar and salt.

KEYWORDS:

Blood lipids and lipoproteins; Omega-3; Omega-6; Review; Saturated fat; Unsaturated fat

PMID:
27650783
PMCID:
PMC5030225
DOI:
10.1007/s11886-016-0793-y
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Conflict of interest statement

Peter L. Zock and Wendy A.M. Blom are employed by Unilever Research & Development. Joyce A. Nettleton reports personal fees from Unilever Research & Development. Gerard Hornstra reports personal fees from MVO (Netherlands Oils and Fats Industry), EPOA (European Palm Oil Alliance), and Unilever/IUNS (International Union of Nutritional Sciences). Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent This article does not contain any new data from studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.

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