Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Curr Nutr Rep. 2016 Jun;5(2):90-98. Epub 2016 Mar 31.

The Role of Vitamin K in Chronic Aging Diseases: Inflammation, Cardiovascular Disease, and Osteoarthritis.

Author information

1
Jean Mayer Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging, Tufts University 711 Washington Street, Boston, MA 02111, Phone number: 617-556-3151, Fax number: 617 556 3149.
2
Jean Mayer Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging, Tufts University 711 Washington Street, Boston, MA 02111, Phone number: 617-556-3073, fax number: 617 556 3344.

Abstract

Vitamin K is an enzyme cofactor required for the carboxylation of vitamin K dependent proteins, several of which have been implicated in diseases of aging. Inflammation is recognized as a crucial component of many chronic aging diseases and evidence suggests vitamin K has an anti-inflammatory action that is independent of its role as an enzyme co-factor. Vitamin K-dependent proteins and inflammation have been implicated in cardiovascular disease and osteoarthritis, which are leading causes of disability and mortality in older adults. The purpose of this review is to summarize observational studies and randomized trials focused on vitamin K status and inflammation, cardiovascular disease, and osteoarthritis. Although mechanistic evidence suggests a protective role for vitamin K in these age-related conditions, the benefit of vitamin K supplementation is controversial because observational data are equivocal and the number of randomized trials is few.

KEYWORDS:

Cardiovascular disease; inflammation; menaquinone; older adults; osteoarthritis; phylloquinone; vitamin K

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center