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Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2016 Nov;23(21):21176-21186. Epub 2016 Sep 19.

Quantifying PM2.5 capture capability of greening trees based on leaf factors analyzing.

Author information

1
Soil and Water Conservation of Beijing Engineering Research Center, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing, 100083, China.
2
Soil and Water Conservation of Beijing Engineering Research Center, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing, 100083, China. sanguoxumei@163.com.
3
Chongqing Jinyun Forest Ecological Station, School of Soil and Water Conservation, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing, 100083, China. sanguoxumei@163.com.
4
Chongqing Jinyun Forest Ecological Station, School of Soil and Water Conservation, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing, 100083, China.
5
Beijing Institute of Hydrogeology and Engineering Geology (Beijing Institute of Geo-Environment Monitoring), Beijing, China.

Abstract

As PM2.5 affect human health, it is important to target tree planting in the role of reducing air pollution concentrations. PM2.5 capture capability of greening trees is associated with leaf morphology, while quantitative research is scanty. In this paper, the PM2.5 capture capability of 25 species in Beijing and Chongqing were examined by a chamber device. Groove proportion, leaf hair, stomatal density, and stomata size were selected as indexes of leaf morphology. Results showed that groove proportion and stomata size significantly relate to PM2.5 capture quantity, while no significantly positive correlations were found for leaf hairs and stomatal density. Broadleaf species are conducive to PM2.5 capture for their rich leaf morphology and have an edge over coniferous in PM2.5 capture per leaf area. However, coniferous had a larger PM2.5 capture capability per tree due to the advantage of a large leaf area. Significant difference existed between the species in Beijing and Chongqing due to the different leaf morphology. Urban greening trees are diverse and the structures are complicated. Complex ecological environment may lead to different morphology characteristics. Climate and pollution conditions should be considered when greening.

KEYWORDS:

Beijing; Chongqing; Deposition chamber; Groove proportion; Leaf morphology; PM2.5 capture capability

PMID:
27646446
PMCID:
PMC5099360
DOI:
10.1007/s11356-016-7687-9
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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