Send to

Choose Destination
Appetite. 2017 Jan 1;108:21-27. doi: 10.1016/j.appet.2016.09.018. Epub 2016 Sep 15.

The sweet life: The effect of mindful chocolate consumption on mood.

Author information

Gettysburg College, USA. Electronic address:
Gettysburg College, USA.


Chocolate consumption is anecdotally associated with an increase in happiness, but little experimental work has examined this effect. We combined a food type manipulation (chocolate vs. crackers) with a mindfulness manipulation (mindful consumption vs. non-mindful consumption) and examined the impact on positive mood. Participants (N = 258) were randomly assigned to eat a small portion (75 calories) of chocolate or a control food (crackers) in a mindful or non-mindful way. Participants who were instructed to mindfully eat chocolate had a greater increase in positive mood compared to participants who were instructed to eat chocolate non-mindfully or crackers either mindfully or non-mindfully. Additional analyses revealed that self-reported liking of the food partially mediated this effect. Chocolate appears to increase positive mood, but particularly when it is eaten mindfully.


Candy; Chocolate; Mindfulness; Mood; Positive affect

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center