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Lancet Infect Dis. 2016 Nov;16(11):e261-e266. doi: 10.1016/S1473-3099(16)30162-1. Epub 2016 Sep 16.

Neonate with Mycoplasma hominis meningoencephalitis given moxifloxacin.

Author information

1
Department of Paediatric Haematology, Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Emma Children's Hospital, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, Netherlands; Department of Paediatrics, Onze Lieve Vrouwe Gasthuis, Amsterdam, Netherlands. Electronic address: j.g.wildenbeest@amc.uva.nl.
2
Department of Neurology, Onze Lieve Vrouwe Gasthuis, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
3
Department of Neurology, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
4
Department of Hospital Pharmacy, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
5
Department of Paediatric Haematology, Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Emma Children's Hospital, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, Netherlands.

Abstract

Mycoplasma hominis is a commensal organism in the genitourinary tract that can cause life-threatening CNS infections in neonates after intrauterine infection or through vertical transmission during birth. We present a case of an 11-day-old neonate presenting with fever and supporting laboratory evidence of a CNS infection. No systemic maternal infection or maternal genitourinary tract infection occurred at the time of delivery. Empirical treatment was initiated, consisting of amoxicillin, cefotaxime, and aciclovir. After clinical deterioration, 16S ribosomal DNA PCR in cerebrospinal fluid detected M hominis, antibiotic treatment was switched to moxifloxacin, and pharmacokinetic data were obtained. This Grand Round illustrates the challenges that exist in the diagnosis and treatment of M hominis meningoencephalitis: bacterial cultures are often negative and recommended empirical antimicrobials do not provide adequate antimicrobial coverage. Optimal antimicrobial treatment regimens for M hominis meningoencephalitis are unknown. Although we describe successful treatment of a neonate with a complicated M hominis meningoencephalitis with moxifloxacin, caution with fluoroquinolone monotherapy (including moxifloxacin) has to be taken into account because resistance to fluoroquinolones has previously been described.

PMID:
27641775
DOI:
10.1016/S1473-3099(16)30162-1
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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